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Use this page to browse all content from the Voting Technology Project, sorted by last updated.

The ThreeBallot Voting System

Working Paper No.: 
56
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Ronald L. Rivest
We present a new paper-based voting method with interesting security properties. The attempt here is to see if one can achieve the same security properties of recently proposed cryptographic voting protocols, but without using any cryptography, using only paper ballots. We partially succeed. (Initially, I thought the proposal accomplished this goal, but several readers discovered a vote-buying attack (see Section 4.4) that appears to be rather difficult to fix without making the resulting system much less usable in practice.

On Auditing Elections When Precincts Have Different Sizes

Working Paper No.: 
55
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Ronald L. Rivest
We address the problem of auditing an election when precincts may have different sizes, and suggest methods for picking a sample of precincts to audit that takes precinct size into account. one method yields optimal auditing strategies together with an exact measure of its effectiveness (probability of detecting corruption of a given size).

On Estimating the Size and Confidence of a Statistical Audit

Working Paper No.: 
54
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Javed A. Aslam
Ronald L. Rivest
We consider the problem of statistical sampling for auditing elections, and we develop a remarkably simple and easily-calculated upper bound for the sample size necessary for determining with probability at least c whether a given set of n objects contains b or more “bad” objects. While the size of the optimal sample drawn without replacement can be determined with a computer program, our goal is to derive a highly accurate and simple formula that can be used by election officials equipped with only a simple calculator.

Military Voting and the Law: Procedural and Technological Solutions to the Ballot Transit Problem

Working Paper No.: 
53
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Brian F. Roberts
Thad E. Hall
R. Michael Alvarez
No abstract available.

Advances in Cryptographic Voting Systems

Working Paper No.: 
51
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Ben Adida
Democracy depends on the proper administration of popular elections. Voters should receive assurance that their intent was correctly captured and that all eligible votes were correctly tallied. The election system as a whole should ensure that voter coercion is unlikely, even when voters are willing to be influenced. These conflicting requirements present a significant challenge: how can voters receive enough assurance to trust the election result, but not so much that they can prove to a potential coercer how they voted?

Election Fraud References

Working Paper No.: 
50
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Sarah Hill
No abstract available (content is a list of sources).

Are Americans Confident Their Ballots Are Counted

Working Paper No.: 
49
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Thad E. Hall
R. Michael Alvarez
Expanding the large literature which investigates the characteristics of citizen and voter trust in government we analyze the heretofore neglected topic of voter trust in the electoral process. In this paper, we present results from three national surveys in which we asked voters the confidence they have that their vote for president in the 2000 or 2004 election was recorded as intended.

How Hard Can It Be: Do Citizens Think It Is Difficult to Register to Vote?

Working Paper No.: 
48
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Thad E. Hall
R. Michael Alvarez
Political equality is seen as an intrinsic normative principle for the adequate functioning of a democratic republic. However, it is well documented that in the United States there are many qualified citizens who do not vote, many who do not participate in the political process due to procedural barriers that make it difficult or impossible for them to register and vote.

Who Should Run Our Elections? Public Opinion About Election Governance in the United States

Working Paper No.: 
47
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Morgan Llewellyn
Thad E. Hall
R. Michael Alvarez
Much has been said since the 2000 presidential election regarding the administration of elections in the United States, particularly in regards to how election administrators are selected and to whom they are responsive. Unfortunately, there has been little research on the different administrative structures that are possible and the preferences of Americans regarding these different administrative options.

Auditing Technology for Electronic Voting Machines

Working Paper No.: 
46
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Sharon Cohen
Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) voting machine security has been a significant topic of contention ever since Diebold voting machine code turned up on a public internet site in 2003 and computer scientists at Johns Hopkins University declared the machine “unsuitable for use in a general election.” Since then, many people from computer scientists to politicians have begun to insist that DREs be equipped with a paper trail. A paper trail provides a paper printout for the voter to approve at the end of each voting session.

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