Voting Online Around The World

Thad E. Hall
University of Utah
R. Michael Alvarez
Voting in America Volume 3

In 2000 there were a number of notable efforts in the United States to use Internet voting. In that year, two presidential primary elections-the Alaska Republican "straw poll" and the Arizona Democratic primary-included remote Internet access as one channel for voting (along with traditional by-mail and in­precinct voting). Then, in the November 2000 general election, eighty-three military personnel and overseas civilians in five jurisdictions nationally were able to cast official ballots using the Internet, by participating in the Voting Over the Internet (VOI) project sponsored by the Federal Voting Assistance Program of the U.S. Department of Defense.
Since those heady days in 2000, the movement to use Internet voting in the United States has stagnated. In 2004 the Michigan Democratic presidential primary election did allow balloting over the Internet as one method of voting. However, in January 2004, the Secure Electronic Registration and Voting Experiment (SERVE), an Internet voting project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense that was to build on the success of Val, was canceled when a small number of academic computer security scholars argued that any form ofInternet voting is inherently insecure. The debate in the United States regarding the security of in-precinct electronic voting has created a political environment in which it is more difficult to initiate proposals for experimenting with Internet voting.

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