Latest Research from the VTP

Who Overvotes, Who Undervotes, Using Punchcards? Evidence from Los Angeles County

Working Paper No.: 
7
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
D.E. "Betsy" Sinclair
Caltech
R. Michael Alvarez
In this study we examine over- and undervotes from the November 2000 General Election in Los Angeles County. Los Angeles County is the nation's largest election jurisdiction and it used a punchcard voting system in that election. We use precincts as our unit of analysis and merge the 2000 election data with census data and voter registration data; our dataset allows us to examine all of the countywide races in 2000 (including candidate and ballot measures).

The Complexity of the California Recall Election

Working Paper No.: 
9
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
D. Roderick Kiewiet
Caltech
Melanie Goodrich
The October 7, 2003 California Recall Election strained California’s direct democracy. In recent California politics there has not been a statewide election conducted on such short notice; county election officials were informed on July 24 that the election would be held on October 7. Nor has California recently seen a ballot with so many candidates running for a single statewide office. With easy ballot access requirements, Secretary of State Kevin Shelley certified 135 candidates for the official ballot on August 13.

The SAVE System: Secure Architecture for Voting Electronically

Author(s): 
Ted Selker
Jonathan Goler
Journal: 
BT Technology Journal
pp: 
89-119
Link to Article: 
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Existing technology is capable of yielding secure, reliable, and auditable voting systems. This system outlines an architecture for polling place electronic voting, based on redundancy at each stage of the ballot submission process that is resistant to external hacking and internal insertion of malicious code. The proposed architecture addresses all layers of the system beyond the point when a voter commits the ballot. These steps include the verification of eligibility to vote, authentication, and aggregation of the vote.

Who Overvotes, Who Undervotes, Using Punchcards? Evidence from Los Angeles County

Author(s): 
R. Michael Alvarez
D.E. "Betsy" Sinclair
Journal: 
Political Research Quarterly
pp: 
15-25
Link to Article: 
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
In this study we examine over- and undervotes from the November 2000 General Election in Los Angeles County. Los Angeles County is the nation's largest election jurisdiction and it used a punchcard voting system in that election. We use precincts as our unit of analysis and merge the 2000 election data with census data and voter registration data; our dataset allows us to examine all of the countywide races in 2000 (including candidate and ballot measures).

The Complexity of the California Recall Election

Author(s): 
Sarah M. Sled
Melanie Goodrich
Thad E. Hall
Journal: 
PS: Political Science and Politics
pp: 
23-26
Link to Article: 
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
The October 7, 2003 California Recall Election strained California’s direct democracy. In recent California politics there has not been a statewide election conducted on such short notice; county election officials were informed on July 24 that the election would be held on October 7. Nor has California recently seen a ballot with so many candidates running for a single statewide office. With easy ballot access requirements, Secretary of State Kevin Shelley certified 135 candidates for the official ballot on August 13.

Studying Elections: Data Quality and Pitfalls in Measuring the Effects of Voting Technologies

Author(s): 
Charles Stewart III
Stephen Ansolabehere
R. Michael Alvarez
Journal: 
Policy Studies Journal
pp: 
15-24
Link to Article: 
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Professor Geralyn Miller reminds us of the range of voting administration practices across the United States. We use this variability to study the average performance of various types of voting equipment throughout the country (Ansolabehere and Stewart n.d.). Professor Miller suggests that the performance of equipment is, in fact, quite variable across states.

Residual Votes Attributable to Technology

Author(s): 
Charles Stewart III
Stephen Ansolabehere
Journal: 
Journal of Politics
pp: 
365-389
Link to Article: 
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
We examine the relative performance of voting technologies by studying presidential, gubernatorial, and senatorial election returns across hundreds of counties in the United States from 1988 to 2000. Relying on a fixed-effects regression applied to an unbalanced panel of counties, we find that in presidential elections, traditional paper ballots produce the lowest rates of uncounted votes (i.e., “residual votes”), followed by optically scanned ballots, mechanical lever machines, direct register electronic machines (DREs), and punch cards.

Comparative Voting Performance of Reading Disabled Voters

Author(s): 
Jonathan A. Goler
Edwin J. Selker
Lorin F. Wilde
Journal: 
Interacting with Computers
pp: 
Link to Article: 
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Although legislation now protects the rights of voters with special needs, no one has previously evaluated how different electronic voting systems affect the performance of the reading disabled community. Results of this initial study, evaluating three current systems, proved surprising and inform how future voting interfaces may potentially be improved for the population at large.

Election Auditing is an End-to-End Procedure

Author(s): 
Ted Selker
Journal: 
Science
pp: 
1873-1874
Link to Article: 
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
No abstract available.

A Methodology for Testing Voting Systems

Author(s): 
Ted Selker
Elizabeth Resenzweig
Anna Pandolfo
Journal: 
Journal of Usability Studies
pp: 
7-21
Link to Article: 
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
This paper compares the relative merit in realistic versus lab style experiments for testing voting technology. By analyzing three voting experiments, we describe the value of realistic settings in showing the enormous challenges for voting process control and consistent voting experiences.

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