Many factors affect the quality of election administration. To name a few, personnel, preparation, equipment, polling places and legal regulations each play a role in determining how well the voting process works. However, an election in a democratic nation is actually an accounting procedure. Voter preferences must be counted precisely and fairly so that the correct, winning candidates can take their positions and those who lose can vacate theirs. A variety of steps can be implemented to insure that an election is just, accurate, trustworthy, and can withstand expert and public scrutiny.