Latest Research from the VTP

Measuring Election Performance

Working Paper No.: 
94
Date Published: 
12/11/2009
Author(s): 
R. Michael Alvarez
Caltech
Introduction The 2000 presidential election was one of the closest elections in American history. A margin of about 550,000 votes separated Al Gore from George Bush, only about 0.52% of votes cast. And despite the fact that Gore received more of the popular vote than Bush, after a contentious situation in Florida and a U.S. Supreme Court decision, Bush was the recipient of more Electoral College votes than Gore (271 to 266) and Bush became president.

Voting: What Has Changed, What Hasn't, & What Needs Improvement

Date Published: 
10/18/2012
Author(s): 
R. Michael Alvarez, Caltech; Jonathan N. Katz, Caltech
Charles Stewart III, MIT; Ronald L. Rivest, MIT
Stephen Ansolabehere, Harvard; Thad E. Hall, University of Utah

In this report, we examine how voting technologies and election administration in the United States have changed—or have not changed—since the controversial 2000 presidential election.

Waiting to Vote in 2012

Working Paper No.: 
110
Date Published: 
04/01/2013
Author(s): 
Charles Stewart III, MIT

Prepared for the conference on “The Voting Wars: Elections and the Law from Registration to Inauguration,” University of Virginia Law School, March 23, 2013, Charlottesville, Virginia.  This paper uses data from the 2008 and 2012 Survey of the Performance of American Elections, which was generously funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts, which bears no responsibility for the analysis found herein. Waiting in line to vote is one of the clichés of Election Day, whether the venue is Kenya or the United States.  The length of time waiting to vote has regularly been an issue in the voting wars of t

Pattern Matching Encryption, Strategic Equivalence of Range Voting and Approval Voting, and Statistical Robustness of Voting Rules

Working Paper No.: 
109
Date Published: 
02/13/2013
Author(s): 
Emily Shen, MIT

AbstractWe present new results in the areas of cryptography and voting systems.

Results and Implications: The June "Top-Two" Primary & California's 2012 Legislative Races

Working Paper No.: 
107
Date Published: 
11/02/2012
Author(s): 
J. Andrew Sinclair, Caltech

Executive Summary This report summarizes some basic results of California’s June 2012 “Top-Two” primary.  It focuses on legislative offices with multiple districts within the state:  California State Assembly, California State Senate, and United States House of Representatives.

Results and Implications: The June "Top-Two" Primary & California's 2012 Legislative Races

Working Paper No.: 
107
Date Published: 
11/02/2012
Author(s): 
J. Andrew Sinclair, Caltech

Executive Summary This report summarizes some basic results of California’s June 2012 “Top-Two” primary.  It focuses on legislative offices with multiple districts within the state:  California State Assembly, California State Senate, and United States House of Representatives.

The Impact of New Technologies on Voter Confidence in Latin America: Evidence from E-voting Experiments in Argentina

Author(s): 
Julia Pomares
London School of Economics and Political Science
R. Michael Alvarez
Journal: 
Journal of Information, Technology and Politics
pp: 
1
Date Published: 
02/12/2011
We analyze trust in electronic voting in Latin America using data from two field experiments conducted in Argentina and Colombia. We find that voters generally exhibit high levels of confidence in e-voting, although this depends on individual characteristics such as age and education as well as on the particular type of technology used. We contrast our findings with those from industrialized democracies and show that conclusions derived from American and European e-voting experiences cannot be directly extrapolated to the Latin American context.

Election Administration Finance in California Counties

Author(s): 
Sarah A. Hill, California State University, Fullerton
Journal: 
The American Review of Public Administration
Link to Article: 
Date Published: 
07/04/2011

Abstract Over the past decade, the federal and state governments have made large financial investments to improve election administration, but there is little to no understanding of the real workings and implications of election administration finance. This article takes a first look at election administration finance by examining election expenditures in California counties for fiscal years 1992 through 2008 using a public sector cost model.

Political trust and trust in the election process

Working Paper No.: 
19
Date Published: 
08/01/2011
Author(s): 
Leontine Loeber
University of Leiden
Voter confidence in election results is of the utmost importance for the legitimacy of the chosen legislators. When the trustworthiness of the techniques and methods that are used during the elections become subject of debate, this can have a negative impact on the confidence of voters. Previous research has shown that the level of trust in the election process in the Netherlands is not determined by a ‘winner-loser’ effect and that demographic variables only have a weak influence.

Voter trust in the Netherlands between 2006 and 2010

Working Paper No.: 
18
Date Published: 
08/01/2011
Author(s): 
Leontine Loeber
University of Leiden
Abstract: In this paper the trust of Dutch voters in the election process is examined. Since the Parliamentary elections of November 2006, large changes have surrounded the Dutch election process. The widely used voting machines that were introduced in the Netherlands in 1966 were decertified in 2007, causing a return to paper ballot voting. Discussions took place both in the media and in Parliament on election technologies and the trustworthiness of the election process.

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