Latest Research from the VTP

Disputed Elections Post Bush v. Gore: Are Federal Courts Entering the Political Contest Thicket?

Working Paper No.: 
17
Date Published: 
04/16/2011
Author(s): 
Mark Braden
Of Counsel
Baker Hostetler
Introduction

The Cites That Counted: A Decade of Bush v. Gore Jurisprudence

Working Paper No.: 
16
Date Published: 
04/16/2011
Author(s): 
Charles Anthony Smith
University of California - Irvine
Introduction When the Supreme Court issued the opinion that resolved the 2000 presidential election in George W. Bush’s favor, the five justice coalition responsible for the decision went to great lengths to stress that the opinion should not be construed as an explication or expansion of any legal doctrine or concept. The per curium opinion, presumably authored by Chief Justice Rehnquist, specifically tried to narrow the applicability of the legal reasoning that resolved the equal protection claim by including the following passage:

What Hath HAVA Wrought? Consequences, Intended and Not, of the Post-Bush v. Gore Reforms

Working Paper No.: 
102
Date Published: 
04/07/2011
Author(s): 
Charles Stewart III
MIT
The Help America Vote Act (HAVA)1 is the most important direct federal response to the 2000 electoral fiasco in Florida. HAVA had many provisions, some directly inspired by the controversy, others that came along for the ride. In addition to mandating certain changes in how states conducted federal elections, HAVA appropriated $3b for the improvement of voting systems, most of which went to purchase new voting machines.

Bush v. Gore: A critical Juncture for early voting?

Working Paper No.: 
15
Date Published: 
04/16/2011
Author(s): 
Paul Gronke
Reed College and Early Voting Information Center
James Hicks
The title of this conference, "10 Years after Bush v. Gore," implies that the papers and discussions will focus on the impact of the 2000 election, the Court decision, and subsequent controversy on elections, election law, and election administration. But this call raised for us a basic question: what precisely is BvG? At the simplest level, BvG means George W. Bush, et al. v. Albert Gore, Jr., et al. (531 U.S. 98, 121 S. Ct. 525), a United States Supreme Court decision issued on December 8, 2000.

Absentee Ballot Regimes: Easing Costs or Adding a Step?

Working Paper No.: 
14
Date Published: 
04/17/2011
Author(s): 
Jan E. Leighley
American University
Jonathan Nagler
There has been a revolution in voting in the United States in the last 40 years. In 1972 voters in only 2 states had the option to request an absentee ballot without showing cause. In 2008, 27 states allowed voters this opportunity. In 1972 voters in 45 out of 50 states who were voting at a polling place did so on election day. In 2008, voters in 31 states could cast in-person votes on multiple days (not withstanding the suggestion of the constitution that election day is the tuesday after the first monday of November).

Poll Workers and Polling Places

Working Paper No.: 
104
Date Published: 
04/16/2011
Author(s): 
Kathleen Moore
University of Utah
Thad E. Hall
In the year after the 2000 presidential election debacle in Florida, there was a sharp focus by many organizations, commissions, and interest groups to determine how to address the problems associated with ensuring that the events of November 2000 did not occur again (e.g., Carter and Ford 2001; VTP 2001). Not surprisingly, the discussion of these entities focused strongly around two important issues. First, there was a sharp focus on the issues related to voting technologies.

Making Outsiders' Votes Count: Detecting Electoral Fraud through a Natural Experiment

Working Paper No.: 
12
Date Published: 
02/26/2011
Author(s): 
Kentaro Fukumoto
Gakushuin University
Yusaku Horicuchi
Weak electoral registration requirements are commonly thought to encourage electoral participation, but may also promote electoral fraud. For one, candidates and their supporters can more easily mobilize voters outside the district to register and vote for the candidates, even though these voters do not reside within the district. We statistically detect this classic type of electoral fraud for the first time, by taking advantage of a natural experimental setting in Japanese municipal elections.

Assessing Electoral Performance in the New Mexico 2010 General Election

Author(s): 
Alex N. Adams
University of New Mexico
Lisa Bryant
The 2010 New Mexico Election Administration Report represents a systematic examination of New Mexico's November 2010 General election. It is the third election report in a series that we began unintentionally in 2006 with our academic partners R. Michael Alvarez, professor at the California Institute of Technology, and Thad E. Hall, associate professor at the University of Utah. To our knowledge, no other state has had the kind of sustained and independent analysis over multiple elections.

The Effect of Voting Systems on Voter Participation

Working Paper No.: 
13
Date Published: 
01/01/1982
Author(s): 
Peg Rosenfield
Office of the Secretary of State of Ohio
Russell Schussler
Herb Asher’s 1982 conference paper, “The Effect of Voting Systems on Voter Participation,” has a distinguished place in the literature of political science about voting technologies. Three

American Confidence in Electronic Voting and Ballot Counting: A Pre-Election Update

Date Published: 
11/03/2008
Author(s): 
Morgan Llewellyn
Thad E. Hall
R. Michael Alvarez
This study examines the confidence that voters have that their ballot was counted accurately in 2004 and the attitudes of the American public toward electronic voting. As many states and localities move to new—and often electronic—voting systems, understanding public confidence and public attitudes is critical for policy makers. This study includes several key findings:

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