Ballot Order Effect

How Much is Enough? The "Ballot Order Effect" and the use of Social Science Research in Election Law Disputes

Working Paper No.: 
44
Date Published: 
01/01/2009
Author(s): 
R. Michael Alvarez
Betsy Sinclair
Richard L. Hasen
Previous empirical research and other related research from survey methodology holds that candidates listed first on an election ballot may gain some measure of advantage from this ballot placement. Using data from the 1998 general election in California, we test whether a candidate’s relative position on the ballot has any statistical effect on vote shares. We find little systematic evidence that candidate vote shares benefit from being listed first on the ballot.

Is It Better to be First or Last? The Ballot Order Effect

Working Paper No.: 
33
Date Published: 
06/30/2005
Author(s): 
Betsy Sinclair
No abstract available.
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