Internet Voting

Internet Voting in the March 2007 Parliamentary Elections in Estonia

Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Guido Schwerdt
Fabian Breuer
R. Michael Alvarez
This study presents and analyzes the results of a survey among the electorate of the Estonian parliamentary elections held on 4 March 2007. The primary focus of the analysis lies on the newly introduced possibility of voting via the Internet in these elections. The application of this pioneering voting channel gave the elections an exclusive character and provoked enormous attention in the political as well as in the scientific community.

Internet Voting in Estonia

Working Paper No.: 
60
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
R. Michael Alvarez
Alexander H. Trechsel
Thad E. Hall
Several countries have conducted Internet voting trials in binding public elections over the past decade, including Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. These trials have been conducted at the local and regional levels of government, targeting specific populations of voters. However, Estonia—a former Soviet republic and now a full member of the European Union—has advanced the farthest in deploying Internet voting. Since 2000, Estonia has conducted two national elections in which all voters could use Internet voting.

Preliminary Voting -- Prevoting

Working Paper No.: 
35
Date Published: 
11/30/2008
Author(s): 
Ronald L. Rivest
We introduce the notion of preliminary voting, or pre-voting, wherein a voter deposits—perhaps over the Internet—a preliminary vote or prevote with election authorities at some time before the close of elections. Prevotes are not official votes, and need not be kept private; indeed, election officials might, as a matter of announced policy, publish the list of received prevotes together with the names of the voters submitting such prevotes.
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