Voting Technology: Vote-by-Mail, and Residual Votes in California, 1990-2010

Working Paper No.: 
Date Published: 
R. Michael Alvarez, Caltech
Charles Stewart III, MIT
Dustin Beckett, Caltech

To test the supposition that the lost votes recovered by California through the modernization of voting technologies may be being undone by the trend toward more voting by mail, Table A1 attempts to quantify changes in the residual vote rate in each county from the presidential elections of 1992 to 2008 due to changes in voting technologies, and due to the growth in voting by mail.  The table starts by reporting turnout in the 1992 and 2008 presidential elections; the percentage of ballots cast by mail in 1992 and 2008, along with the change across the two years; the type of voting equipmen

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